The next step in the IVF process is the embryo transfer. This procedure is painless and there is no anesthesia needed. The doctor identifies the cervix and cleans it using a physiologic medium. The external catheter is inserted through the cervical canal and passes into the uterine cavity. One or more embryos are loaded in an inner catheter under microscopy and are placed in the uterine cavity guided by ultrasound.
Frozen embryo transfer
In some clinical practice, embryo transfer can be done in the following cycle after ovarian stimulation. By doing this, the embryos are frozen and then thawed when needed. Cryopreservation(freezing) makes future ART (Assisted reproductive technologies) treatment much simpler, and carries a better chance of success. We have set a policy to transfer frozen embryos in all cases for a better chance of implantation, but in some exceptional cases we will still perform a fresh transfer.
Extra embryos remaining after fresh embryo transfer may be frozen for future use. Due to the improvement in freezing techniques and protocols, frozen embryo transfer can improve implantation more than a fresh transfer in the same cycle of stimulation. The safety record of freezing is still good. There have been no documented cases of infectious disease transmission, nor of an increase in the risks of birth defects or chromosome abnormalities compared with using fresh embryos.
How to prepare yourself for embryo transfer
- Positive thinking, having inspiration and sense of humor. Laughing, smiling and feeling good releases hormones that help to relax your body, improve digestion, lower blood pressure and maintain healthy blood circulation.
- Eat the right foods. What are the right foods for patient who prepare to get pregnant? We recommend to eat cooked vegetables and avoid raw vegetables and salads. It takes warmth and energy to break down raw vegetables and weaken your reproductive energy.
- Avoid too much carbohydrate and foods that create much of gas. Eat cooked meat, fish, eggs that are easy to digest.
- Relax and chill out. Try to find the way to relax yourself before embryo transfer.
- Staying hydrated is extremely important to avoid uterine spasm. Drink plenty of water with natural electrolyte for example; coconut water, lemon juice.
- Avoid high-impact exercise and heavy lifting during preparing for embryo transfer.
- On the morning day of embryo transfer, drink water and hold the bladder until you still feel comfortable. You can drink a glass of warm milk that can make you feel full of energy.